Eli Noam of Columbia Business School has an important Financial Times column pointing out the fundamental business challenge facing the tech sector: commoditization.
fundamental trends of our time, with far-reaching long-term effects,
and it is happening right in front of our eyes.”
Eli is by nature a cynic, so what he has to say is often not
pleasant. But he has the unfortunate habit of being right much of
the time, and ahead of the curve virtually all the time. I’ve disagreed with
some of his conclusions, but I’m with him on the core insight: there is
a basic structural disconnect in the economics of information
industries, with painful consequences. We saw it first in
telecom, where VOIP is now bringing the issue to a boil, but it’s
broader than that.
Jeff Jarvis and Ross Mayfield
would like to think we can make it up on volume. I’m as excited
as they are about new bottom-up markets and content forms like
blogs. The problem is simply that you can’t get there from
here. A hundred Nick Dentons wouldn’t pay for one floor of the
Conde Nast headquarters building where Jeff works. (Jeff knows
that, and is working both sides of the equation, but Gawker will never
be Entertainment Weekly.) There’s no scenario that doesn’t take a
substantial amount of money from the traditional media sector — and
telecom, and IT — and replace with with a smaller amount of money in
One answer, which Noam thinks may be inevitable, is consolidation to
the point of monopolization. Ma Bell held back the tide of
commoditization in an industry characterized by high fixed and low
variable costs, and Microsoft is doing the same thing in the PC business. That outcome isn’t all bad… but it’s far from good. And, I believe, far from assured.
Is there another answer? I think there is. I proposed it
four years ago in the Harvard Business Review (and a year earlier in
Release 1.0): syndication.
At the time, the idea may have sounded like new economy hype. In
reality, syndication is a roadmap for pulling out of the
commoditization death spiral. It won’t be simple and it won’t be
painless, but syndication will provide a foundation for new growth in
the information sector. Just look at the performance of the two
Web-based companies most heavily built on the syndication model: Google
and Amazon. Another useful test case for syndication will be the
development of the RSS/RDF/Atom ecosystem around Weblogs.